Kiteto District falls under the Maasai Steppe Zone whose climate is nearly 70% Semi-arid, major characteristics being semi-dry soils or sometimes totally dehydrated soils during dry seasons leading to disastrous shortage of water. Water sources in most villages include ponds, hand-dug shallow wells and dams/pans. Water obtained from these sources is often dirty, inadequate and unsafe for human consumption. These are no running streams in villages and all rivers in Kiteto are seasonal. Kiteto has a total of 63 villages and less than 15% of the villages have access to clean and safe water for drinking. Shortage of water leads to poor hygiene condition, increased women workload, low engagement of people in economic production activities and deteriorating social services. In order to increase access to water for human and livestock use KINNAPA successfully undertook the following interventions.


Borehole drilling work has been done in Irkiushioibor and Bwagamoyo villages in Kiteto. The drilling work involved purchase and installation pumping and distribution equipment. The borehole drilled at Bwagamoyo serves about 11,000 people living in Bwagamoyo, Kibaya and Kaloleni villages and about 16,000 livestock coming from Bwagamoyo, Kimana, Mbigiri, Olpopong’i and Partimbo villages while the borehole drilled at Irkiushioibor village seves about 4,000 people and 15,000 livestock coming from Irkiushioibor, Katikati, Makami and Ndedo villages in Kiteto and Kimotorok village in Simanjiro.


KINNAPA recently did dan construction in Irng’abolo village. This serves both human and livestock in villages of Ndedo, Ndaleta, Kimana, Ildorkon and Olpopong’i villages. The dam holds about 132,148m3 of water.


KINNAPA implemented two WASH projects namely; Clean Water for Schools and Clean Water for Health. The two projects aimed at enhancing access of teachers, pupils and health facilities workers to clean water and improving hygiene and sanitation condition in the schools and health facilities. Rainwater Harvesting systems and Ventilated Improved Pit (VIP) Latrines Project was designed and constructed in11 primary schools and two dispensaries. At the dispensaries KINNAPA designed and constructed Incinerators for scientific disposal of hard wastes.