Kiteto District has the highest illiteracy rate, a staggering 65%. The high rate of illiteracy has naturally resulted in an equally high-rate marginalization of the district in general and the Pastoralists and Hunter-gatherers in particular. This means that, the district of Kiteto has a lot of factors that affect delivery of public service, particularly in education sector. These includes; low level of awareness among community members on their rights and entitlements, including that of service from the Government, Public budgeting and expenditure processes, representation in various decision-making bodies i.e., School committees, village assemblies and Youth councils. These together with other factors have led to lack accountability among village and District Government Authorities.

As a result of this, Ordinary People are unaware of their rights to participate in planning, monitoring and implementation process hence systematic marginalization which prevents them influencing and holding LGAs accountable for providing poor social services.

KINNAPA is convinced that Education is a key solution to combat marginalization of Pastoralists, agro-pastoralist and hunter-gatherer communities; hence our focus has been to assist the affected to obtain necessary education which will provide a nucleus of educated agents of change in the Communities. In order to increase access to education for pastoralist and agro-pastoralist children, both advocacy and financial support was highly required to overcame challenges of poverty at households level and reluctant nature of people towards ensuring children attain education. In this, KINNAPA did the following;


KINNAPA facilitated establishment of 44 ECD centers in Kiteto and Simanjiro districts. The centers not only that provided chance for rural children to attain early childhood care and development as a way to encourage positive attitude towards education, but also produced competent pupils for primary schools’ enrolment.

In villages where there were no primary schools, ECD centers have developed to primary schools, hence satellite schools, Twanga, Kona kwa Elias, Eseki, Ngapapa and Ildorkon centers are few examples of these developments. These centers have been developed to full primary schools to date by communities.


Students from vulnerable families benefited from KINNAPA’s Education Support Programme through paying of School fees and other expenses. A total of 288 students were supported to access secondary school and college education between 2000 and 2013.

Most supported students are now new employed in public or private sectors in Kiteto and other Regions of the Country, having expertise in various disciplines i.e., Community Development Teaching, IT, Law, Natural Resources Management, Livestock Development, Finance and Administratio, Economics, Planning and Human Resource Development which help them to better serve their families and communities.


Literacy level in Villages in Kiteto is low. Hence KINNAPA facilitated establishment of Adult Literacy Classes in 25 villages in Kiteto. These villages include Makami, Loolera, Laiseri, Mwitikira, Armaroroi, Kijungu, Ngapapa, Partimbo, Engusero, Irkiushioibor, Katikati, Amei, Ilera, Kimana, Ndirgishi, Ngipa, Irng’abolo, Ndaleta, Ildorkon, Orkine, Namelock, Laalala, Matui-SOWETO, Matui-Bwawani and Asamato. These classes aimed to equip respective villagers with basic reading, writing and numeric skills. About 250 people succeeded to acquire skills which have liberated them from illiteracy. Beneficiaries have been able to record business entries, undertake secret balloting and writing personal names.